Tramadol is a drug which is an opioid pain medication and it has been used for treating many other types of pain such as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, Rheumatoid arthritis, MS and Restless Leg Syndrome and the treatment of osteoarthritis.
The medicine is available in forms of capsules and tablets, and the normal dose for tramadol is a maximum of 400mg a day. This is available in various dosages beginning from 50mg, 100mg, 150mg, 200mg and it is depending upon the need, age, severity of pain, and various other biological factors, one will need to restrict or take an increased amount of the medicine.
Do not take more medication as a single dose or take more doses per day than prescribed by your doctor and also you do not stop taking tramadol without talking to your doctor. Your doctor will probably decrease your dose gradually and if you suddenly stop taking tramadol, you may experience withdrawal symptoms such as panic, nervousness, sweating, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, sneezing, runny nose, caugh, pain, hair standing on end, chills, nausea, uncontrollable shaking of a part of your body, diarrhea, or rarely, hallucinations (seening things or hearing voices that do not exist).
METHOD OF APPLICATION AND DOSAGE:
Tramadol works by blocking the pain signals that travel between the brain and the nerves in the body but it has plenty of different targets in the nervous system. The two common effects of this drug are considered as a most important factor in its ability to ease the pain and encourage abuse like: codeine heroin and other opiate analgesics. Tramadol has been connected to opioid receptors in spinal cord and brain. It augments the level of neurotransmitter nor-epinephrine and serotonin identical to antidepresent drugs such as Effexor. The effects of norepinephrine and serotonin will signal your brain which makes the sensation of pain and with this drug. It would reduce the obsessive and depressive signs in the people who are procuring it.
Tramadol may cause side effects and if you are getting these following symptoms, then tell your doctor about it as soon as possible:
Less serious side effects- sleepiness, headache, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, nervousness, muscle tightness, uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body, changes in mood, dry mouth, heartburn on indigestion.
Serious side effect- hives, seizures, rash, hoarseness, blisters, swelling of the eyes, face, throat, tongue, lips, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs, difficulty swallowing or breathing, nausea, vomiting, weakness, or dizziness, agitation, hallucinations (seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist), fever, confusion, sweating, shivering, fast heartbeat, severe muscle stiffness or twitching, loss of coordination, nausea, diarrhea, inability to get or keep an erection, irregular menstruation, changed in heartbeat, decreased sexual desire, loss of consciousness.
The overdose of Tramadol would lead to some risk factors that seizures, addiction to the drug and include depression. There are many death reports have been recorded which were caused by the usage of it with other drugs that includes alcohol as well. It would be better to take a consultation with a licensed physician before procuring Tramadol for pain relief. There are following symptoms of overdose: extreme drowsiness, difficulty breathing, unconsciousness, decreased size of the pupil (the black circle in the center of the eye), coma (loss of consciousness for a period of time), cold, clammy skin, slowed heartbeat. In case of overdose, call the emergency services at 112 and for ambulance at 102.
HOW DOES TRAMADOL WORK?
Tramadol directly works on the central nervous system and effectively blocks pain receptors, transmission from the nervous system to the brain, and it is now almost a consensus in the medical community that a hyperactive nervous system causes chronic pain. Tramadol 50 mg is the minimum dosage and 400 mg is the maximum an extended version is also available. In comparison to the other pain drugs, tramadol can be utilized for long periods of time due to a limited side effect profile. Tramadol takes you out of depression induced by chronic pain by enhancing the levels of serotonin in the brain. This dual mechanism of tramadol makes it all the more potent in cases where the patient is undergoing high levels of stress and anxiety.